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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3850\margr2727\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3850\margrsxn2727\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li43\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1476 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-16\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 94{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw5 BIMBISARA : AjATA^ATRU}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li29\fi0\ri0\sb230\sa0\sl-223\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 activities of the high officers of the realm, called Maha-\expndtw3 mattas (Mahamatras), were strictly watched and con\-\expndtw19 trolled. The administration of criminal law was \expndtw1 also severe.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi464\ri25\sb61\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Bimbisara cultivated friendly relations with distant \expndtw6 states, for he is said to have received an embassy from \expndtw4 a king of Gandhara, named Pukkusati. Incidentally it \expndtw23 r^il \super t\nosupersub  Bimbisara must have flourished when \expndtw4 Crandhara was still an independent kingdom, i.e., prior \expndtw6 to the Achasmenid conquest about 516 B.C. We can arrive at a closer approximation to truth by another \expndtw4 method. According to the Ceylonese chronicles Bim\-\expndtw11 bisara s reign lasted 52 years,\super 1\nosupersub  and Ajatasatm had \expndtw9 ruled for 8 years at the time of the Buddha's death, \expndtw7 which has been fixed by Geiger and other scholars in}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li673\fi-266\ri0\sb83\sa0\sl-230\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw13\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 f; *r        i\super t0\nosupersub  ?\super is\nosupersub  \super Sixt\nosupersub ^ F\super ears\nosupersub  (5\super 2\nosupersub +8), and we get \expndtw6 2  V;\super as\nosupersub      \super e\nosupersub  \super date\nosupersub  of Bimbisara's accession to the \super\expndtw17 e\nosupersub  r\super was\nosupersub  \super a\nosupersub  P\super atron\nosupersub  \super of\nosupersub  \super the\nosupersub  Buddha from the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi122\ri68\sb115\sa0\sl-133\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 n ^   \super t\nosupersub 1f \i S   \i0\super the\nosupersub  \super latter\nosupersub '\super s\nosupersub    \super career\nosupersub '   \super and\nosupersub   \super as\nosupersub  \super a\nosupersub   \super mai\nosupersub '\super k\nosupersub  \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 f \expndtw2 gooci-wjli   Bimbisara   presented the famous  Bamboo}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4\fi0\ri0\sb29\sa0\sl-259\slmult0\tx1267 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 IS ^\super Ka\nosupersub ?\super nda\nosupersub -Venu-vana) to the \i Samsha.  \i0 He also fed\line \expndtw-3 fer^ H{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw9 e^pted  them  from   paying   fares   and}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1591 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 of rilfJf\super 8\nosupersub '{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\super\expndtw5 Bl\nosupersub mbisara made endowments in favour}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1202\fi-1195\ri0\sb22\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 how ff/k\super CtS\nosupersub  \super as\nosupersub  \super weU\nosupersub > \super and\nosupersub  \super we\nosupersub  \super cannot\nosupersub , therefore, be sure \expndtw14 P\super rressed\nosupersub  \super a\nosupersub ^ng the   path.     Indeed, the \i\scaps\expndtw9 )   \scaps0 Sutra \i0 and   other   Jain \super\expndtw14 a\nosupersub  \super devotee\nosupersub  \super of\nosupersub  M^avira 'and}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li3377\fi0\ri0\sb792\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 his  son  Ajatasatru,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2153\fi1242\ri0\sb173\sa0\sl-122\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 *\super 1\nosupersub  \super B\nosupersub -\super C\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0     \super The\nosupersub  \super latter \nosupersub\expndtw7 viceroy at Campa, the capital of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li14\fi0\ri0\sb277\sa0\sl-184\slmult0\tx1663 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-23\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 **{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\super\expndtw7 e\nosupersub    ^>\super J\nosupersub > Ae duration of his reign was only}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li410\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-184\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 '}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li3359\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-184\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 ,pp. \sub 184\nosupersub _\sub 86\nosupersub .}\par }